Coffee is the third largest consumed beverages in the whole world and the most popular beverage served all over the world. If we check the amount of trade done on a per day basis, coffee stands next to the oil export done by various countries. One of the main reason for high production and export of coffee bean is due to the simple fact that coffee beans are not only used as a source for a making beverage but also as a source of ingredients for manufacturing pharmaceutical products, cosmetics, chocolates, caffeine for drinks etc.
There are two major varieties of coffee beans grown all over the world and they are Robusta (cheap version) and Arabica (high value).
Here is a list of the world’s largest coffee producers.
Guatemala is a Central American country that produces more than 449,743,000 Pounds of coffee beans according to 2016 survey. This country has somehow maintained its production consistently same for the past years. Majority of the coffee export by the country is done through a marketing association named Ana café which was founded with the sole purpose to enhance the production and export of coffee products. One of the main reasons the nation started coffee export was to replace Cochineal and Indigo.
Mexico is one of the top producers of coffee in the world. This country has a net production of 510,881,000 pounds of coffee beans. The Arabica is a high-quality coffee bean produced by this country. This country exports majority of its coffee to different parts of the world. One of the notable things about Mexico is that the Arabica variety coffee beans or the Mexican coffee is one of the well-known and highly demand coffee beans in the world. The USA is one of the largest importers of Mexican coffee beans and has helped the country to survive on coffee export even during a global crisis.
Uganda is one of the top coffee producing countries in the world. This country produces about 642,931,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. The Arabica and Robusta are the two major varieties of coffee beans grown and exported by this country. The coffee export is one of the key sources of income for the majority people of the country and plays an important role in keeping the economy of the country stable. This country started coffee production in the late 1991’s and increased the production and export at the rate of 5100% period.
Honduras is one of the top coffee producers in the world. This country produces about 767,208,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. Honduras is located west of Guatemala and is well-known as the top coffee producer in Central America. Even though the coffee bean from this country lacks a worldwide branding, Honduras produced coffee beans are used in blends all over the world. This countries whole economy is supported by the income from coffee export.
India is one of the biggest producers of coffee in the world. This country produces about 767,208,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. The coffee beans produced in this country is of Arabica and Robusta variety and has a reputation for its quality and aroma all over the world. It was in the 16th century the country started to cultivate coffee and the quantity has grown from then. India exports the majority of the coffee beans to Russia and Europe. One of the notable things about this country is that unlike other countries mentioned above the Indian economy is not supported by coffee export, and coffee is not the popular beverage to Indians. When it comes to exporting the majority of the coffee grown in India is exported as the main popular beverage in India is Tea.
Ethiopia grows a lot of coffee beans per year and is one of the top coffee producers in the world. This country produces about 846,570,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. The Arabica variety coffee bean is mainly grown in Ethiopia and 28% of the total people in this country survive on the income from this industry. Sidamo, Harar, and Limu are some of the types of coffee bean produced in this country. Ethiopia has a history of growing coffee for over 1000 years. One of the most important things about this country is that the above-mentioned types of coffee beans are trademarked and the Ethiopian government protects and owns this right.
Coffee cultivation became the key industry in the nation a long time ago and was introduced by the colonist. Indonesia today is one of the largest producers of coffee beans in the world. This country produces about 1,450,050,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. Unlike other countries, Indonesia concentrates on increasing the quantity of coffee beans rather than the quality of the product. This country offers one of the best climatic conditions for low quality Arabica variety coffee bean cultivation and the country has been making use of this condition. This country is a well-known producer of one of the world’s most expensive coffee beans “Kopi Luwak”. This coffee bean are produced through a unique method, the coffee beans gown is eaten by an animal Palm Civit that breaks down the coffee bean partially with the help of digestive juices. However, the deposits during defecation are collected and cleaned and sold.
When compared to the other countries, Columbia is one of the largest producers of high-quality coffee beans in the world. This country produces about 1,784,999,000 pounds of coffee bean per year. The quality of coffee bean produced has declined during the past few years due to climatic change; however, this country still produces more than the above-listed countries. The coffee bean grown in this country has high-demands and the country always have enough coffee beans to meet the demand.
Vietnam is the 2nd largest producer of coffee beans in the world. This country produces about 3,637,627,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. This country has been depending on coffee cultivation from the 20th century and gained an exponential increase in quantity during the past few years. One of the most important things about Vietnam grown coffee bean is that they are unique and has excellent aroma and flavour.
Brazil has maintained its position as the largest producer of coffee beans for the past 150 years. This country produces about 5,714,381,000 pounds of coffee beans per year. One of the top features of Brazil grown coffee bean is its quality and the climatic condition that supports enhances the quality of coffee beans. The techniques and methods used by the Brazilian coffee farmers are well-known and unique.
All the above-mentioned countries were selected on the basis of quantity of coffee beans grown and exported per year. The quantity of coffee beans mentioned under each nation is an approximate value and the real quantity figure can vary. The data mentioned below each nation is gathered from the International Coffee Organization.