At present, there are many political parties in India who are delivering their social responsibilities towards society. But there is one party whose presence, we have seen in the India’s independence fight i.e. Indian National Congress or formerly known as Congress. INC was founded in the year 1885 by Indian and British member of the Theosophical Society Movement. The party political history, starting from the Nehru to Rajiv Gandhi era was political and majority strong, but from 2004-2014 led the United Progressive Alliance, a coalition of several regional parties which help in forming the Indian government under leadership of Dr. Manmohan Singh the share of the government changed which led them to acquire just 44 seats of the 543-member has..
The party mainly endorses social liberalism, balancing individual liberty and social justice, and secularism initiating the right to be free from religious rule and teachings. But, besides this there are other interesting facts about the party that are listed below:
1. Civic Nationalist Party
The party is the civic nationalist party that follows nationalism and supports the values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and rights. The party throughout the cold war supports a foreign policy of non-alignment that called for India to form the alliance with the western and eastern bloc. The party during its power has initiated many schemes to support the values on which party believes I.e. Rural Health Mission, Unique Identification Authority, Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and RTI Act.
2. Party for the people, by the people, and from the people
The party workers and activity are mainly done by giving due importance to the common people through rights and amendments so that the common man doesn’t suffer ant burden. The most important right is the Right to Information which gave the power to the people in order to have transparency in regards to any factor query.
3. Dominating the country for many years
The party had dominated the country for many years since from its incubation whether during independence or after independence. If we talk about the golden era of INC then it is the era of Rajiv Gandhi and Rao era i.e. from 1985-98.
4. Major role in uprising the country participation
After independence country was having nothing to start with and how to run the country. It was the INC regime only the country drafted its own constituency under the drafting committee which was headed by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and few group of person. It was the constituency which gave the country direction and values to run the country and make it a prosperous one.
5. Role in revolution
The party played a crucial role in the foundation of the country economically. At that time country only has one source of revenue i.e. agriculture. It was Nehru and Shastri era during which the Green Revolution, Milk Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution took place which predominantly increases, the country revenue and started to generate employment opportunities for the people of India. The famous slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” was initiated by the former first president of India Lal Bahadur Shastri, in order to emphasize the country defense and agriculture sector. During, their regime only the famous Bhakra Nangal Dam was built in order to improve the irrigation in India.
6. Rose up as a mass movement
The only party that exists during independence and made the country free from the clutches of the British government. The party came into its force after 1905 when the partition of Bengal took place and turned into a mass movement during independence by Surendranath Banerjee and Sir Henry Cotton which resulted in Swadeshi Movement. The party also divided into two major groups, one is moderated, which were led by Gokhale and other one extremist, which were led by Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal.
7. Major role in resolving outbreak
The country paid a close look on the outbreak that occurred during the partition of the country into two parts i.e. India and Pakistan. The British government endorses the seed of Hindu-Muslim which result in disputes and unrest in the major part of the country. For this reason, only the INC decided to declare Pakistan as the Muslim predominating country under the guidance of Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Muslim league.
8. Depending on moral and values
The party depends on moral and values in order to maintain their dilemma and ethics in order to serve the country well and efficiently. The party mainly follows the principle of Gandhi i.e. Sarvodaya, as a result of which the government removes the caste-creed and class related issue during the regime of Indira Gandhi government.
9. A crucial role in developing the defense
The party laid the foundation and played the crucial role in developing and strengthening the country defense so in order to protect the countrymen from any alien force.
10. Controversies and political interference
The party, however, faced and gone through many controversies and political interference as a result of which the party loses the percentage of share in the electoral polls mainly during the Indira Gandhi period. During the INC regime, the country faces the state of emergency which was declared on 25th June 1975 and officially ended on 23rd March 1977.
There were many controversies and debates on INC but it is true that the party has made some crucial contribution in India’s independence from British colonial rule in India. The government is mainly following the Gandhian principle of Sarvodaya which means lifting up of all the section.