The proliferation of communication, the processing of transactions, the accessibility of services, and sadly, the commission of cybercrime has been made possible by the internet.
Because billions of people all over the world utilize computer systems as well as the internet, there is a large pool of potential victims who can be taken advantage of. The devastating effects that cybercrime has had on economies around the world have been documented by numerous studies conducted over the course of several years.
The anonymity of users is a prominent feature of both computer systems & the internet. Because of this safe refuge of anonymity, various degrees and types of cybercrime are able to cross any and all physical borders.
Hacking a computer can be described as the act of intentionally accessing or infiltrating a computer or program without the owner’s permission.
A person is said to have committed a “computer crime” when they:
- Gains unauthorized access to a computer system;
- Gains illegal access to a computer system or makes use of a computer system in order to get computer services
- Knowingly or recklessly interferes with, degrades, or causes interference with, degradation, or disruption of computer services; or denies or causes rejection of software services to an authorized user; or
- Knowingly or recklessly messes with, takes, moves, conceals, modifies, or damages any material used in a computing device; this includes altering the equipment in any way;
Misusing the data stored on a computer system is another form of illegal activity related to computers. This criminal offence is committed when someone:
- Accessing a computerized system in order to make use of, divulge, or copy data that is stored in, produced by, or communicated by a computer network;
- Knowingly or carelessly and without authorization (a) tampering with, destroying, or stealing data that is meant for use by a computer network or (b) acquiring or adding to data that is already stored within a computer system;
- Intentionally obtaining or maintaining data obtained through inappropriate use of information obtained from a computer system; or
- Using or revealing data that the person knows or has reasonable grounds to suspect was obtained through the unauthorized use of computer information system (CGS 53a-251).
Penalty for computer hacking
The severity of the penalty for committing any of these cyber crimes is directly proportional to the amount of damage done and the likelihood that further harm would be inflicted. The five levels of cybercrime, the minimum amount of harm or damage required for each level, and the punishments for each level are outlined below:
A person with the intention of causing or understanding that he is susceptible to causing wrongful loss or harm to the community or any person removes, deletes, or edits any information housed in a computer system or lowers its value or usefulness or affects it harmfully in any way commits hacking.
Whoever undertakes the act of hacking will face a prison sentence of a maximum of three years or a fine which may stretch a maximum of 2, 00,000, or both, depending on the severity of the offence.