A refugee is an individual who has fled from his or her own country and taken refuge or protection in some other country. The reason for fleeing from owns country could be anything like discrimination or violence in the name of religion, race, or some other reasons like a natural disaster.
The following are the top 10 countries with most refugees in the world:
With a total population of around 49,699,862, 451,099 are considered to be the refugees in the African country, making it tenth in the list of the countries with most refugees in the world. Out of these refugees, most of them belong to Somalia who has been known to come to Kenya for refuge after the collapse of the country’s government in the year 1991. The Garissa County is said to host the largest population of the refugees within the Dadaab refugee camp. However, the number of refugees in this country is slowly declining owing to political and other concerns.
9. The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Next on the list is the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The country is known to play host to around 451,956 refugees. Most of these refugees particularly belong to countries like the South Sudan, etc. Most of the refugees in the country reside in regions of Dungu, Doruma, amongst others. Many organizations such as the food and Agricultural organization, amongst others have been working hard to improve the living environment of these refugees. Inhabitants are taught to make a livelihood from agriculture and various other means.
Germany hosts a large number of refugees as well as the immigrants. In fact, in the past couple of years, Germany has witnessed more refugees than any other country in the European country. As of 2016, the total number of refugees in the European country was somewhere around 669,482 people.Bound by the 1951 refugee convention, the refugees in the country of Germany face equal rights and regulations when it comes to the living standards as well as education, amongst other things. Most of the refugees in the European nation generally find asylum in the western parts of the region and another significant fact about its refugees is that most of the asylum applicants are actually males
With a total refugee population of around 685,197 as of 2016, Jordan is seventh on the list of the top 10 countries with the most number of refugees in the world. The refugees in Jordan mainly come from the country of Syria who took refuge in Jordan as a civil war broke out in their homeland. The main camp where the Syrian refugees are found in large numbers is the famous Zaatari camp where the refugees can purchase things of daily use including vegetables, household items, coffee shops, amongst other things of daily use. However, the main problem and concern of the authorities running the camp include the increasing number of crimes and violence in the camp.While the government is trying its best to improve the livelihood of the families that have taken refuge within the country, Jordon has been suffering from a lack of adequate resources for its own people ever since the Syrians took refuge in their land.
Most of the refugees in the country come from the neighboring countries of Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, as well as Somalia. As of 2016, the number of refugees in the country was found to be around 791,631 out of a total population of 104, 957,438. Within Africa, Ethiopia hosts the second largest population of refugees. There are four emergency regions where the largest population of refugees have settled within the country. The government of the nation has always strived hard to fulfill all the livelihood needs of the refugees in the nation.
With a total refugee population of around 940,835, Uganda is fifth on the list of the top 10 countries with most number of refugees in the world. The refugees in the land mainly come from the country of Sudan, South Sudan, Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Eritrea, amongst a host of others. Many people find Uganda a safe haven because of the very refugee-friendly policy that the country has to offer. Refugees receive right to education, right to own property, the right of proper employment, and the right to move freely. This makes the country very attractive for the refugees from different parts of the world.
The huge number of refugees in Iran is a perfect example of how the developing countries are the ones that host most of the world’s refugees. There is very little which the wealthy nations of the world are known to do for the people who have lost their homes. In fact, the country has also been applauded by the United Nations for its generous policies towards the many refugees that flock the nation every year. Most of the refugees into the country come from the war affected areas of Iraq and Afghanistan. The government of the country, in association with the UNHCR, take adequate measures to promote education, employment, and a decent standard of living for all its refugees.
Amongst the top three countries which have the highest population of refugees in the world is the country of Lebanon. There are a large number of refugees in the country who come from Syria owing to the civil war in their own region.out of these, a majority of the refugees are either women or children. In 2016, the total number of refugees in the region was close to 1,012,969 out of a total population of 6,082,357 people.
With a total number of refugees being 1,352,560, Pakistan is second on the list of the top 10 countries with the highest number of refugees in the world. Most of the refugees in the country come from Afghanistan. However, although the number of refugees in the country is huge, Pakistan still needs to work on the legislation that governs the quality of life of the refuges in and within Pakistan.As part of its campaign, the government of Pakistan decided to distribute Id cards as well as passports to all the Afghan refugees who reside in their country.
The highest number of refugees in the world are in the country of Turkey. As per the data available for the year 2016, Turkey had as many as 2,869,421 refugees. The country has long been known to host a large number of Syrian flowing out of their country as a result of the civil war, more than even the countries like Jordan. Apart from that, there is a host of non-Syrian refugees within Turkey as well. Many governments all over the world cite the examples of the country like Turkey when it comes to the humane treatment of the refugees. Prominent within the country is the city of Gaziantep when it comes to setting a true example as to how the refugees should be treated.
The above are the world’s top 10 countries which host the highest population of refugees. These are also the countries which have their own battles and difficulties, yet they try to embrace refugees from different parts of the world to the best of their capabilities!