Telangana is the 29th state of India which came into existence on 2nd June 2014. Earlier there was the single state named as Andhra Pradesh which is divided into two states namely Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad is kept as the capital city of both the states as of now. Since it’s a new state formed, most of the people are unaware about its history and other backgrounds.
There are a number of questions coming in our mind like Why the state was separated, What is the history of the state, What is an economic structure of this newly formed state and many others. Here is the list of 10 interesting facts about this newly formed state of India which answers most of the general queries of every Indian.
#1. India got independence in the year 1947, at that time the Telangana state region was the part of the princely state called Hyderabad. There was the rule of Nizams in this state since the 18th century.The term Telangana was used to separate the regions of Hyderabad into two parts, one where people spoke Telugu while the other part where people didn’t speak Telugu. Hyderabad was once known as one of the richest states in the country. Some of the exclusive facilities of this state at that time were the postal system, airlines, army, radio broadcasting, currency, and the network of trains etc.
#2. When the India got independence in the year 1947, then respective Nizam of Hyderabad at that time wanted Hyderabad as the separate state and also thought to merge in Pakistan. They wished that either Hyderabad is declared as the independent state or be a part of Pakistan. However, this state became the part of India in the year 1948 after the military campaign launched by Sardar Patel.
#3. The prime question comes in the mind of hundreds of people of India is the reason for the formation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh. It was the long-time demand from the people of Telangana that they were not treated in the same manner by the government as treated Rayalseema citizens. This region has saw increase in the rate of unemployment due to lack of infrastructure development. It was also stated that in the government offices people from Rayalseema region gets preference as compared to the people from Telangana region.
#4. The people of Telangana also stated that they were facing cultural abuse of the state. It was considered that people of Telangana region didn’t speak the pure form of Telugu language. Therefore, in most of the Telugu movies, mainline villains were shown as the part of this region. People of this region felt very bad with this kind of discrimination. The first movement to form separate state was started in the year 1969 and since the protest going on time to time.
#5. It is a well-known fact that India is considered as 7th biggest country in the world. On the same pattern, Telangana region is so wide in itself that it is to be considered as 33rd biggest country of the world.
#6. It is the 29th state of India with about 35 million population. The total area of Telangana state is approximately 130000 square kilometer. 17 seats of 534 seats Lok Sabha belongs to this state and also having 119 seats in the state assembly.
#7. It is not known by most of us that our earlier Prime Minister of India Sh P V Narasimha Rao belongs to this state. He was the ninth Prime Minister of India.
#8. Around 60% of the total tax received by the Government in the undivided state of Andhra Pradesh came from the region / districts of Telangana. The per capita income for this state is around Rs 69,000 per year. The average GDP of this region rises at the rate of 7% from the financial year 2007-08 to 2011-12.On the contrary, per capita income of Andhra Pradesh excluding Telangana is approx.. 65,000 per year and average GDP rate in the same time period was 6.8%. This means the economic condition of Telangana is in the better position as compared to Rayalseema.
#9. Telangana movement was started and centered from the famous Osmania University. The University was named after the last Nizam of Hyderabad and started in the year 1918. It is considered as 7th University of India. This University has all the State of the art technology and one of its kinds in the country.
#10. The capital city of both the states is Hyderabad as of now. It is one of the richest, prosperous and developed city of India. The per capita income of Hyderabad is Rs 3.4 lakhs per year whereas the average GDP growth between FY2007-08 and FY2011-12 was 10.2%. Economic deprivation of Telangana region as compared to Hyderabad is one of the key reason for separate state demand.