Top 10 Most Famous Mathematicians in India

Since ancient times, India has a rich history of producing great mathematicians and astronomers. Some famous and popular mathematicians include Brahmagupta, Varahamihira, Aryabhata, Baudhayana who were still praised today for their contribution toward the subject. With the advancement in education, the subject of mathematics has become more specialized and conceptual. World has seen the emergence of several Indian mathematicians in last two century. We have listed below the contribution of top 10 Greatest Indian mathematicians from modern time.

10. Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi was one of the most popular mathematics geniuses of Indian origin. She was regarded as ‘Human Computer’ because of her inborn capability to solve most complex calculation with using any calculator. Due to her outstanding mathematical problem solving capability, she won the first place at Guinness Book of World Records in 1995. She has even defeated UNIVAC, the fastest computer’s time of 62 second to solve the 23rd root of a 201-digit number.

Read Also: Top 10 Greatest Mathematician in the World

9. C. P. Ramanujam

C. P. Ramanujam

C. P. Ramanujam was one of the great mathematicians born in Chennai in year 1938. During his doctoral examination at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in 1957, Ramanujam impressed all his teachers and fellow students with his mathematical problem solving capability. He has contributed a lot toward the mathematical field especially in field of algebra and geometry. In 1973, Ramanujam was elected as a Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences.

8. D. R. Kaprekar

D. R. Kapreka

D. R. Kapreka was yet another great mathematician who was born in Mumbai in year 1905. Kapreka pursued his graduation from University of Mumbai and started working as a teacher. Kapreka contributed lot towards various topics including recurring decimals, magic squares, and integers with special properties. The credit for the discovery of Kaprekar constant and Kaprekarnumber goes to him.

7. Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Karmarkar

In year 1957, Narendra Karmarkar was born in Gwalior. He has completed his graduation in electrical engineering from IIT Bombay and went to USA for post graduation and PhD. Karmarkar was famous for his contribution in inventing polynomial algorithm for linear programming. In year 2000, he received Paris Kanellakis Award for his work in the field of mathematics.

6. Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra was a famous American physicist and mathematician from Indian origin. He pursued his masters under the supervision of Homi Bhabha. He has worked on several mathematical theories with renowned mathematicians from all across the world. In 1954 he received Cole Prize of the American Mathematical Society.

5. C.R. Rao

C.R. Rao

C.R. Rao is one of the prominent American statisticians from Indian origin. Born in 1920 in Karnataka, Rao completed his masters in mathematics from Andhra University. He completed his masters in statistics from Calcutta University in 1943. He is known for his contribution in discovering Cramér–Rao bound and the Rao–Blackwell theorem. Government of India felicitated him with Padma Vibhushan in 2001 for his contribution in mathematics.

4. P.C. Mahalanobis

P.C. Mahalanobis

P.C. Mahalanobis was a renowned Indian statistician who completed his education in physics and mathematics from University of Cambridge. He is known for discovering D2-Statistics which is used for divergence based grouping. Government of India felicitated him with Padma Vibhushan in 1968 for his contribution in statistics.

3. C. S. Seshadri

C. S. Seshadri

S. Seshadri completed his graduation from Madras University and PhD from Bombay University in year 1958. He is known for his contribution in algebraic geometry. He invented Seshadri constant and Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem. Government of India awarded him with Padma Bhushan in 2009to recognize his contribution in field of mathematics.

2. Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose

Born in Kolkata in 1884, Satyendra Nath Bose is one of the most prominent Indian mathematicians. In year 1924, Bose sent his mathematical finds to Albert Einstein which led to the discovery of Bose-Einstein condensate phenomenon. In 1954, Government of India awarded Padma Vibhushan for his contribution in mathematics.

1. Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan was a mathematic genius who won several accolades in field of mathematics. His was known for his contribution in analytical theory of numbers, elliptic functions, continued fractions and infinite series. On his birthday on 22nd December, Tamil Nadu government celebrates State IT Day.

These Indian mathematicians have contributed a lot toward the field of mathematics and their work will continue to enlighten students in coming future.


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