13 Key Differences Between Indian and Western Culture

Culture is the most critical aspect of any nation or region. There is a lot of differences between Indian and Western Culture. This subject is debatable from long and nothing can be concluded as of now. On one side, Indian culture relates to traditions, customs, religions and a set of rules followed by Indian people. On the contrary, western culture is open and advanced in nature. Western Culture is usually followed in USA and Europe. In this articles, the key difference points between these cultures are highlighted.

1. Origin

Indian Culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world and the traditions followed are several million years old.

Western Culture began with Ancient Greek time and considered to be more modern.

2. Religion

The main religions followed in India are Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Christianity and Judaism are the main religion in western culture.

3. Cuisine

Indian cuisine is spicy and rich in flavour. Traditionally, Indians emphasize on lunch rather than dinner.

Western Cuisine is mainly focused on meat and fewer spices. They emphasise more on dinner.

4. Family

Indian culture can be divided into two parts. One is traditional Indian culture whereas other is modern Indian culture. Traditional Indian culture rely onjoint family concept however modern Indian culture followers start preferring nuclear families.

Western culture believes in nuclear family since the past

5. Festivals

There are a number of festivals celebrated in India and each festival has its own significance and history.

Christmas, Easter and Labour Day are the few main festivals celebrated in western culture.

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6. Concept of Marriage

Arranged marriage are still preferred over love marriages in Indian Culture. Moreover, they believe in one marriage concept only.

Love marriages are more common in western culture. They also believe in multiple marriages.

7. Society

Society plays an important and key role in making the culture of any region/nation. In Indian culture, people usually takes the decision taking into account the society thinking point in the particular aspect.

Whereas in Western culture, people usually takes decisions on their own and as per their requirement only. They don’t think about society before taking any decision.

8. Gender Equality

Gender equality is still very common in Indian culture. Women are still not considered as equal to men. Due to westernization of Indian culture, this concept is changing slowly.

Women are considered as equal to men in western culture.

9. Caste and Race

There are multiple castes in Indian culture and concept of one caste higher than other is prevalent in India.

There is no such caste system in western culture and all are considered to be equal.

10. Attire

Indian and Western Culture

In India, a person prefers to wear normal clothing which looks sober and simple in a society. They wear clothing taking into account the society consideration.

In western culture people usually wears what they want to wear. The society factor takes no role in deciding the clothing to wear.

11. Music

The most popular music in Indian culture is Bollywood, religious, classical and folk.

Because of the mixing of various cultures, the popular music includes rap, hip hop, rock etc.

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12. Hierarchy

The key difference in Indian culture is respect of hierarchy whether in the family or in office. The social hierarchy cannot be challenged and the Big Boss decision considered to be final.

In western culture, there is no respect of hierarchy and hierarchy can be questioned at any stage.

13. Divorce

The divorce is less common in Indian culture. As per study, average divorce rate in India is around 6-8 per 1000 marriages

Divorce is very common practice in Western culture. The average divorce rate in western culture is around 35-40%. The freedom and independence thinking style in Western culture leads to more divorce rate. They don’t bind themselves with their families.

This list can be continuous with showing different shades of light of each culture. Just like we have two sides of coins, both Indian and western culture has its own positive and negative impacts.


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