Maharashtra, the third-largest state in India and the second largest state with a large population, is located in the western region of India. Maharashtra has its own diverse culture, shown in its cuisine, literature, folk dance, music and many festivals like Gudi Padwa, Ganesh Chaturthi etc.
Due to its traditions, rich culture, and tourist destinations, Mumbai has become famous among tourists. The people of Mumbai have a different clothing style, which is a mix of Western and Indian. For those curious about what men and women wear in Maharashtra, read the following given information.
List of Maharashtra’s Traditional Dress for Women
1. Nauvari Saree
Nauvari saree is the most famous dress worn by Maharashtrian women in different regions of Maharashtra. Nauvari in the local language means nine yards, which refers to the length of the cloth. This type of saree is worn as a dhoti for men, which makes it easy to walk. Also known as Kashta Saree, it is wrapped around the legs and waist and applied backwards.
2. Paithani Sarees
Inspired by the wardrobe of the Mughals, Paithani sarees were often worn on occasions, featuring rich colours and gold thread zari embroidery. It is dyed in traditional rich colours, consists of motifs & symbols, and is made from pure silk.
The combination of Saree and Choli completes the overall traditional attire of women. Choli is basically a crop top or type of shirt to cover the upper part of the body. Having hooks in the front, short blouses, sleeves or sleeveless, complement the beauty of Maharashtrian women. Women’s Choli is also made of cotton fabric like men’s dhoti & kurta. Cholis are often available in red, green or yellow colour.
4. Head Covers
There is no fixed headgear for women like men in Maharashtra. Women use dupatta or pallu to cover their heads. They cover their heads during ceremonies or at a religious place, which is a sign of gratitude and respect.
Apart from clothing, jewellery is an essential part of traditional clothing. Jewellery especially Nath, green bangles and mangal sutras are a part of women in the state.
List of Maharashtra’s traditional dress for Men
The dhoti, traditionally known as Dhotar, is usually 15 feet long and is wrapped around the waist. This unstitched piece of cloth is easy to wear and easy to handle. The dhoti originated in the 5th century BC and was worn by Maharashtrian men.
Usually available in cream or white colour, the dhoti has come out with a lot of creativity over time. It is an essential part of many Indian celebrations and events, such as weddings, festivals, etc. Suvar, Pajama, Churidar and Akan are also famous on important occasions.
Having its origin in the Peshwa Era, Pheta is a common headgear worn by men in Maharashtra on most occasions & weddings. In ancient times, the patka, rumal were used to create instant tied turbans. Over the span of time, this headdress turns into a folded cap which is made of woollen, silk or cotton cloth.
Pagdi or Pheta plays a vital role in the protection of the head from scorching sun & heat. Apart from this purpose, it also gave Maharashtrian men a classy look. The tied turbans come in saffron and white colour. Men in Maharashtra show loyalty and respect towards their culture by wearing headgears.
In Maharashtra, the kurta worn by men is often made of cotton to help the sweat evaporate. They are usually light in colour and loose in appearance. It originated from Central Asian nomadic tunics, and modern Faberlic pieces have side slits.
A waistcoat called Bandi is the traditional dress of Maharashtrian men, which they can sometimes wear. It is a sleeveless jacket or coat that is worn over kurtas and shirts. The bandhi completes the overall look, thus making the dress sophisticated and formal. They are specially designed to make men look presentable and confident.
Gold jewellery and vibrant attire give a subtle and graceful look to women while the white dhoti and cap are considered a symbol of pride. Although the traditional dress of Maharashtra is very unique, colourful and practical.