Invention in science and technology is very important for the growth of any country, India is the land of glorious history in the field of science and technology. It is the birth place of the great scientist Aryabhatta, who was the first to introduce the concept of numbers in the ancient times and this legacy has been carried forward by the modern scientists of the country, who have greatly contribution to the world with their awe inspiring inventions and discoveries.
Here is the list of top 15 Greatest Indian scientists and their contributions:
15. Vikram Sarabhai
Padam Bhushan Awarded a renowned Scientist of our country Vikram Sarabhai was famous as the father of the Indian Space program. He established the great ISRO organization in the country.
14. Salim Ali
Salim Ali was an India naturalist and ornithologist, who was mostly known as “Bird Man” of India. He was the first man to conduct the bird surveys in a systematic way, across India. Through writing various bird books, he made the Indian ornithology popular. He was awarded with Padma Bhushan in 1958 and Padma Vibhushan award in 1976.
13. Meghnad Saha
Meghnad Saha was a Bengali Astrophysicist, who is still recalled for his development of the Saha equation. The Saha equation was used to describe the physical and chemical condition in stars. His most praised work was the Thermal isolation of elements, which eventually let him figure out the Saha equation. Upon studying the spectra of various stars, it is possible to find the temperature of that star.
12. Prafulla Chandra Ray
Prafulla Chandra Ray was an educator, Bengali chemist, and entrepreneur. He was the owner of India’s first pharmaceutical company, “Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals. Besides all this, he contributed to a Bengali article for a number of magazines.
11. Jagadish Chandra Bose
Besides being a polymath, physicist, botanist, biophysicists, biologist, he was a writer of science fiction and passed his entire life in British India. Being headed by him, the investigation of radio and micro optics contributed a lot of significance in society. His inventions in plant science opened the door new research and inventions. Even, Jagadish Chandra Bose also invented the crescograph to measure the growth in plants. In his honor, a crater on the moon has been named.
10. Har Gobind Khorana
An Indian American scientist, Har Gobind Khorana was a leading bio chemist, who was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in 1968 for his useful research work on synthesis of proteins and interpretation of genetic code.
9. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Next among the top 10 Indian scientists is Subrahmanyam Chandrasekhar, who was commended with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983. One of the greatest physicists of the 20th century, Chandrasekhar has made contributions in the fields of astrophysics and mathematics. One of his most well known works is the Chandrasekhar limit, which deals with Brownian Motion and theory of illumination.
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8. Satyendra Nath Bose
Another well known Indian physic was Satyenra Nath Bose, whose “Bose-Einstein Theory” earned him worldwide fame. He has played an instrumental role in the field of quantum physics and an atomic particle called Boson has been named after him.
7. Dr Yellapragada Subba Rao
Next on this list comes the name of the famous biochemist called Dr Yellapragada Subba Rao, who has been credited with the discovery of a number of life saving antibiotics. An anti cancer drug manufactured by him many decades ago continues to be used globally for treating the deadly disease.
6. Dr Raja Ramanna
Dr Raja Ramanna was an outstanding physicist and nuclear scientist, who had worked in close co ordination with Dr Homi Bhabha. He was a multi faceted personality, who was also a scholar, musician and philosophy researcher.
5. Srinivasa Ramanujan
The next name to feature on the list of top 10 Indian scientists is that of Srinivasa Ramanujan, known as the greatest mathematician of the 20th century. His contribution in the field of mathematics and geometry has been immense, with research on elliptic function, continued fractions, infinite series and analytical theory of numbers.
4. APJ Abdul Kalam
APJ Abdul Kalam, also known as the Missile Man of India, is a great visionary and scientist from India, who has also served as the President of the country from 2007 to 2011. He has been noted for his contribution in the field of vehicle technology and ballistic missile.
3. M Visvesvaraya
One of the greatest scientists and engineers of India was M Visvesvaraya, who has played a key role in the building of Krishnarajasagar Dam and introduced the technology of steel doors to prevent wastage of water in dams. His contribution in the field of architecture of modern India fetched him the Bharat Ratna in 1918.
2. Homi J Bhabha
Featuring next on this list is the leading atomic scientist, Homi J Bhabha, who was instrumental in the scientific progress of the country by setting up institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Institute and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. This great physicist was also the first man to hold the position of the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.
1. C V Raman
The great Indian physicist, Dr Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman will never be forgotten for his research in the field of physics, which turned out to be a momentous contribution to the world. The discovery of Raman Effect earned him the prestigious Bharat Ratna Award, in addition to Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.
Some other Indian scientists who will always be remembered for their glorious contributions in the field of science and technology are Harish Chandra, G N Ramachandran and Dr Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar.