How to Qualify or Become a Lawyer in India? – Step By Step Guide

Law is one of the most crucial and important profession. There are thousands of people who dream to become a lawyer and serve the judicial system and protect the interest of the people. However, one must undergo specific course and procedure to become a lawyer. This does not only need hard work to become a lawyer but also skillful to become a successful one. However, there are specific courses or steps that are to be followed to become a lawyer in India.


If you are sure about your ambition at an early age, then you have the option to go for the LLB course with five years duration. This gives you the privilege to undergo the graduation course as well as the specific law course at the same time. It is one of the best way to get certified to become a lawyer without go for a normal graduation course. The course includes the practical and theory and that make you eligible to become a lawyer in future. The prime advantage of the course is that it saves your one year of study before practicing your profession.


If you have already completed your graduation in any stream or you are pursuing it, then you go for the second alternative. The LLB offers 3 year duration course as well and that helps you to clear the first hurdle to become an eligible lawyer. There is not much difference in the course but it takes 3 years and covers almost the same syllabus. If you have pursued 3 years of graduation, then you would study for one extra year before practicing your profession. Most of the universities in India have the practical knowledge in the LLB course apart from the theory and that makes you eligible to become a lawyer in India.

Law Colleges

The LLB course is a LLB Training and that gives you the exposure and experience to become a lawyer and practice the profession. However, the LLB course alone does not make you a lawyer in India. There are other procedures to be followed to start your practice and represent your clients.

Enrollment with State Bar Council

A Law graduate has to enroll his/her name in the State Bar Council to practice law anywhere in the country. The graduate has to submit an application to the State Bar Council that has specified regulations for enrolment. The candidature undergoes the scrutiny and depending upon the capability enrolment is offered to the candidate. You cannot start practicing law unless you are enrolled with any State Bar Council. Also, you cannot enroll yourself in more than one State Bar Council in India.

All India Bar Examination

All the law graduates enrolled with State Bar Council has to appear in the All India Bar Council Examination (2011 onwards) to practice Law in the country. One cannot practice law unless the exam is cleared and one must be enrolled to a State Bar Council to appear in the exam.

Foreign Law Degree

An India holding the foreign law degree is allowed to practice law in India. However, the University of the Concerned Law Degree should be recognized by the Bar Council of India. A degree that is not recognized by the Bar Council has no legal authority to get enrolled or practice in India. Section 7(1) of Advocate Law 1961 however does not allow any foreign lawyers to practice law in India. Even though there is a big debate on the issue but as of now it has been ruled illegal.

These are the procedures that ought to be followed in order to become law and practice the profession in India.