Science has discovered numerous such chemicals which are highly toxic in nature, to such an extent that even small quantities of these chemicals can be potent for human beings.
Listed below are top 10 most evil chemicals in the world:
Digoxin, a chemical extracted from foxglove plant is known as one of the most dangerous chemicals in the world. It has the capacity to improve the functioning of heart muscles and can prevent congestive heart failure if used in right dosage. But an overdose can cause heart attack and death. It was used by the US serial killer Charles Cullen to kill nearly 40 elderly patients.
9. Ethylene Glycol
The next name to be included among the top 10 most dangerous chemicals in the world is Ethylene Glycol, which is used as an anti freeze agent in cars. The sweet tasting toxic liquid should be kept out of reach of pets and children, as it leads to slow death with gradual failure of organ systems.
Another potent chemical known to man is ricin, a protein found in castor oil plant. This deadly chemical can cause death, if ingested or inhaled in minute quantities like just 1 mg. many countries are researching on this chemical for possible usage in biological warfare.
Strychnine is another extremely potent chemical, which is basically used as a pesticide for getting rid of birds and rodents and is quite difficult to detect, which makes it even more dangerous. It is believed that this chemical was used to assassinate Alexander the Great.
The next name to feature on the list of deadliest chemicals in the world is nicotine, which is found in cigarettes in small concentrations. However, consumption of its pure liquid form can cause death by getting mixed in the blood stream of the victim.
Next on the list of most dangerous chemicals in the world is the non peptide based poison called Batrachotoxin, which is produced by frogs on digestion of insects called Melyrid beetles. This chemical was used in making poison darts in early times.
4. Sodium Cyanide
One of the most fatal chemicals known to mankind is sodium cyanide, which can cause death in a matter of minutes when inhaled or ingested. It prevents the absorption of oxygen by the body cells, causing its deprivation in vital organs like heart and brain, which leads to death.
Principally used as a building material, asbestos is today known as one of the most dangerous toxin chemicals in the world. Continuous and prolonged exposure to inhalation of asbestos can lead to an inflammatory lung disease called asbestosis and even cancer.
2. Carbon Monoxide
One of the most deadly chemicals in the world is the gas called carbon monoxide, which becomes deadlier because it is undetectable in nature. Combustion of organic fuels in lack of ventilation leads to formation of this potent chemical in gaseous form, which results in carbon monoxide poisoning. The gas molecules attach themselves to hemoglobin and prevent delivery of oxygen to cells, leading to death.
Botox, which is popularly used for wrinkle treatment, is the most poisonous chemical in the world. A one gram dose can cause death of 14000 people on ingestion. It comes from bacteria called Clostridium botulinum and causes a severe food poisoning called botulism, which causes death by respiratory failure.
Some other dangerous chemicals are hydrogen peroxide, tetrodotoxin, sarin, TCDD and VX.