When the military holds all political power, the system is called a military rule. It is the lawful power that controls the government and the law. However, military regimes cannot be reduced to administrations ruled by the military, as they are rarely made up entirely of military personnel.
The military continues to have the final say in administration, despite the fact that civilian bureaucracy and politicians play a role.
It is clear that military elites are not always responsible for organizing military regimes due to the fact that civilians are present in military governments.
However, in a military regime, an active or retired military officer always serves as the head of state with the backing of the armed forces establishment, & there are established channels through which senior military officials can routinely exert influence over government decisions and appointments.
Let’s understand the advantages and disadvantages of a military rule
Advantages of Military Rule
1. No Bureaucracy
The frustration of assignments and projects is commonly referred to as bureaucracy or bottleneck administration in the public sector. In a military system, where powers are primarily centralized, decisions on projects and policies can be made more quickly, saving time. This is in contrast to a democracy or additional system of government in which there is seperation of powers, which is matched by checks & balances, and where there are typically many processes to go through in order to properly carry out a project.
- Also Read: Advantages and Disadvantages of British Rule
2. Cost effective
It follows from the preceding discussion that, in a army dispensation, unlike a democracy (the antithesis of the military dictatorship), there is no duplication of offices, which saves administration money that could be used for waging the various officers, which is especially helpful in a country like Nigeria, where the wages and payments of the different government authorities are on the higher end of the spectrum.
3. Challenge to give their best
Those who live through a military dictatorship and then return to civilian rule face the daunting task of making sure the military has no new incentive to seize power again. In essence, the next civilian administration after an armed dispensation usually does well to prevent the problem from recurring.
4. Appointments on the basis of merit
There was a lot of disloyalty to the central government in Nigeria because of the high levels of tribalism and nepotism, which contributed to the rise of the military government.
The problem of tribalism, however, was mitigated to some extent when the military dictatorship took power and appointments were decided on the basis of merit rather than family relationships.
Disadvantages of Military rule
1. No place for rule of law
The rule of law, which is the preeminence of law enforcement over all subordinate institutions and individuals within a government, is notably absent from all military regimes, as is readily apparent from the moment the leader assumes power.
2. No existence of fundamental rights
All humans are born with an inherent set of rights known as fundamental human rights. The military government or military rule always begins its regime by suspending the constitution, which goes on to leave the citizens open and unprotected from any violations of their rights.
3. No periodic elections
Unlike in a democracy, where a governor, president, or other figure of authority does well to ensure that he may get a further tenure if he does a good job, there is typically no periodic election under a military dispensation, so the people continue to suffer under the same oppression until another coup occurs.
All military rules are dictatorships because they never allow for citizen input of any kind.
5. Abolishment of separation of power
In a military dictatorship, all authority and power are held by one person, as the branches of government—executive, judicial, and legislature—are abolished. As the old adage goes, “power corrupts,” and “absolute power corrupts completely,” he is free to do whatever he wants.
6. Poor education and culture
During the whole time of military dictatorship, the nation’s cultures get suppressed and a system of education that rivaled the world’s best institutions gets eradicated.
7. Ruined economy
Under military rule, the whole economy gets ruined and there is no scope of growth and development for the nation and also not for the citizens of the same country.
The Corrupt practices, looting, and injustice become commonplace when the military assumes complete control of a nation’s government. People view institutionalized corruption as their greatest threat. There can be a rampant corruption under this kind of rule.
9. Unruly government system
When a governance system becomes unstable, the military is called in to restore order, which is the largest drawback of military administration.
One potential benefit of military authority is the restoration of order and discipline. The most significant drawback is that no one has the power to verify the efforts of those in charge, despite the fact that it can restore order and structure. Leaders in the military can rise to power fast by the use of force, which often results in more corrupt policymaking.
10. More wars
Those in authority may begin to see the military regime itself as the ultimate goal of existence. They can sing the praises of war so loudly that they would actually launch a war if they had the power to do so.
In conclusion, as can be seen from the list of pros and cons above, a military dictatorship is a disguised form of modern enslavement and should be strongly forbidden in every civilized country around the world, despite the fact that it does have a few advantages.