India had a rich history and there was a time it was known as the Golden Bird. The riches and glory of the country enticed invaders from all over the world throughout the history of the country, with the British ruling the country for a long, long time. After a long struggle of independence, the country finally achieved freedom from the colonial rule in 1947. Behind the freedom of the country, there is sweat and blood of countless freedom fighters, some of whom sacrificed their lives to attain independence for the country.
Here is the list of top 30 greatest freedom fighters of India:
30. Peer Ali Khan
Peer Ali Khan was the part of revolt of 1857 and he was also among the 14 people who were given capital punishment by the British regime. He was hanged to death for his role in the revolt and he inspired the youth of the nation to take part in the fight of freedom.
29. Raj Kumar Gupta
Raj worked with her husband, Mahatma Gandhi and Chandrashekhar Azad and she played a role in Kakori Case. She played a crucial role of supplying revolvers and she delivered the guns by hiding them in her undergarment. She had her 3 year old son with her but later she was arrested and sadly, she in laws disowned her after the arrest.
28. Bhikaji Cama
Bhikaji Cama was an important part of the freedom movement in India and she also promoted gender equality. It is known that she donated all her personal property to an orphanage for girls and there are several names and buildings which are named after her.
27. Tirupur Kumaran
He was known to be the founder of Desa Bandhu Youth Association and as per the records, he was killed during a protest in 1932. The Indian nationalist flag was banned by the British regime but he was holding the flat and he was shot by the troops. He died holding the flag.
26. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Kanaiyalal was also known as Kulpati and he took part in Quit India Movement. He was also the founder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan and he had also been arrested many times during the British rule. He had been one of the most passionate freedom fighter in history of India.
25. Garimella Satyanarayana
Garimella was basically a writer and he had always been an inspiration for the people of Andhra Pradesh. He proved the point that the pen is mightier than the sword as his songs and poems motivated people to join the freedom fight.
24. Senapati Bapat
Senapati Bapat was the leader of Mulshi Satyagraha and after receiving Independence on 15 August 1947, he got a golden chance to hoist the Indian Flag in Pune for the first time. He had been to jail several times and he followed the path of non-violence
23. Tata Rani Sricastava
Tata Rani is known for her struggle in freedom movement. It is known that she led a procession in front of Siwan Police Station along with her husband and her husband was shot during the procession. She simply bandaged the wound of her husband and she moved forward with the procession. Later when she came back to the spot, her husband was no more. She is the symbol of strength and determination
22. Begum Hazrat Mahal
Talking about Begum Hazrat Mahal, she was an important part of revolt of 1857. Her husband was send to exile and after that, she took the responsibility of Awadh and eventually she took the control of Lucknow. Later, she retreated to Nepal and she passed away in Nepal itself.
21. Matangini Hazra
As per the information available, Matangini Hazra was a part of Quit India Movement and Non Cooperation Movement. She was shot thrice during one of the procession but she kept advancing with the Indian flag and along with that she kept shouting Vande Mataram.
20. Vinoba Bhave
A great leader and social reformed, Vinoba Bhave was greatly responsible for helping the country attain its freedom from the British Rule.
19. Bipin Chandra Pal
Bipin Chandra Pal, who was born in Habiganj in 1858 and he dedicated his entire life for the independence of the country. He worked in close collaboration with great political leaders.
18. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Next among the greatest freedom fighters in India is Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the great leader and politician who served the country and helped it attain freedom.
17. Bahadur Shah Zafar
Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal Emperor, who led the struggle against East India Company during the revolt of 1857. He was exiled to Bangladesh after losing the battle.
16. Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet, writer and thinker, who played an instrumental role in the freedom struggle of India.
15. Sarojini Naidu
Known as the Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu was a prominent poet and leader of Indian National Congress. She inspired Indians with her great speech ans poetry.
14. Dr B R Ambedkar
The next name on the list of top 20 greatest freedom fighters in India is that of Dr B R Ambedkar, who played an instrumental role in eradicating caste system from the country and also framing the Constitution.
13. Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was born in Ratnagiri in 1866 and he dedicated his entire life to activities involved in freeing the country from the audacious rule of the British. Gokhale died in 1915.
12. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
The next name in the list of top 20 greatest freedom fighters is that of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a great thinker, philosopher and leader who led teh Indian people with his principles and thinking.
11. Udham Singh
Udham Singh was a great freedom fighter from Punjab, who was honored with the title of Shaheed or the martyr after he laid his life to attain independence for the country in 1940. He was a great influence on young freedom fighters of the country.
10. Jawaharlal Nehru
One of the most influential leaders and freedom strugglers for India was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who instilled great patriotism in the Indians with his impressive speeches. He went on to become the first Prime Minister of independent India and his legacy was carried forward by his daughter and grandchildren. This great leader was born in Allahabad in 1880 and died in 1964.
9. Lal Bahdur Shastri
Another freedom fighter who played a key role in achieving emancipation for the country is Lal Bahadur Shastri, who was born in Mughalsarai in 1904. He joined hands with some of the biggest leaders of that time to carry out the freedom struggle. He died in 1966.
8. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a prominent leader of Indian National Conference. Born in 1875, this great thinker and leader participated in important events like Satyagraha, Quit India Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement.
7. Dr Rajendra Prasad
Next among the most well known freedom fighters in India is Dr Rajendra Prasad, the architect of the Indian Constitution and the first President of free India. Born in 1884, Dr Prasad was an ardent supporter of Mahatma Gandhi. The country lost a great leader on his death in 1963.
6. Rani Lakshmi Bai
Also known as Jhansi ki Rani, Rani Lakshmi Bai was one of the earlier freedom fighters who fought against the British Army during the Revolt of 1857. She exhibited great courage and strength by standing against a strong army with only a small force behind her.
5. Mangal Pandey
Another great Indian fighter who played an important role during the Revolt of 1857 was Mangal Panday. He was a member of the British Army but revolted against them when the soldiers were provided cartridges greased with animal fat. After an armed mutiny against the army, Pandey was hanged to death in 1857.
4. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi, also known as the Father of the Nation will always be remembered as the greatest leader and freedom fighter by the whole world. Born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, this great man practiced the principle of non violence to lead the country into the heaven of freedom in 1947. But he did not live long to enjoy the freedom, as he was assassinated on 30th January, 1948.
3. Chandrashekhar Azad
Chandrashekhar Azad was another pioneer in the Indian freedom struggle. He was born in Bhavra in 1906 and acted as a driving force, instilling courage and confidence in the young Indians to attain freedom by standing against British oppression. He died in 1931, giving up his life for attaining freedom for the country.
2. Subhash Chandra Bose
Featuring next on the list of top 20 greatest freedom fighters in the history of India is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who spearheaded the Azad Hind Army to carry out armed struggle against the British Army. He was born in Cuttack in 1897 and died in 1945.
1. Bhagat Singh
The name of the great soldier of the nation Bhagat Singh will be etched in the minds of Indians forever and ever. As a young boy, he was deeply affected when he witnessed the Jallianwala Massacre and he joined the struggle for freedom after that. This Punjabi lad was born in 1907 and was hung to death in 1931, leaving the entire nation in tears.
Besides these great leaders, there have been countless unsung martyrs and heroes who have given up their lives for attaining freedom for the country.