The technology is growing and we are advancing in every field. We had touched the every field of science and technology, this also includes the space. One of the best agencies which do the research in the space is NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) which is situated in the United States and do research in the aerospace and aeronautics. It had done various space programs to know about the space and had launched various artificial satellites around the Earth orbit to know about the earth more. Various scientists across the world work here and do the research.
Many of these scientists belong to India who had gone there for the research:
8. Ashwin Vasavada
He had done his PhD from California Institute of Technology in Planetary Science. He is the Deputy Project Scientist in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA situated in California. He is doing the research on the climatic situation in Mars, polar ices on the Mars and Mercury and the type of weather in Saturn and Jupiter. In the year 2013 he was awarded as NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal. For the NASA’s Mars Rover Curiosity, he has been given the responsibility of Project Scientist in which around 500 researchers are under him across the world. He had done the work in various projects of NASA such as the Mars Polar Lander, Galileo Mission to Jupiter etc.
7. Sharmila Bhattacharya
She had done her Doctorate degree from Princeton University in molecular biology and her post-doctoral research from Stanford University in neuro biology. She is doing the research on the immune system of the human body when the living organism goes on space flight and what would be the effects of the altered gravity and radiation on the organism with a life. She has been the principal investigator in NASA for Bio model Performance and Behavior Laboratory. She also taught the astronauts about the effect of space flight on the living organisms.
6. Sunita William
She has the record to take the longest flight of space in the female category. She was the second Indian women who had gone to the space. She is the Deputy Chief in NASA for Astronaut Office. When she was just at the age of 5 years, she saw the picture of Neil Armstrong on the moon and dreamt of walking in the same way over there. She is also a part of the NASA commercial launch, which will take place around 2030 in Mars.
5. Kalpana Chawla
She had done her studies from Punjab. Done the degree from Punjab Engineering College in aeronautical engineering. After this migrated to US. She was the first Indian women and the second person from India who took a flight of the space. Took her first flight in the year 1997 on Space Shuttle Columbia. In the year 2003 she took her second flight with other crew members but this was her last flight. While the shuttle was trying to enter the earth, it was disintegrated and fatal accident took place. She was awarded with NASA Space Flight Medal, NASA Distinguished Service Medal and Congressional Space Medal of Honor.
4. Kamlesh Lulla
He had done two bachelor degrees in Chemistry and Biology, did masters in the environmental science and PhD degrees in ecology. He has attained the position of chief scientist at NASA for observing the Earth in Human Exploration Science Office located at JSC (Johnson Space Center). In this they train the cosmonauts and astronauts over the observation in scientific field in Earth such as oceanographic, meteorological, environmental and geological phenomena. He had received many awards for the great work he had done.
3. Meya Meiyappan
He is the Chief Scientist in NASA Ames Research Center situated at CA in Moffett Field for the Exploration Technology. Prior to that he had served as a Director for the Nanotechnology in Ames only. He had done various researches and had co authored the article which is more than 200. The topics for the research he chooses as grapheme, various inorganic nano wires – about its growth and characteristics, carbon nanotubes, optoelectronics, instrumentation, etc. He is one of the founders of IWGN (Interagency Working Group on Nanotechnology) which is founded by OSTP (US Office of Science and Technology Policy).
2. Anita Sengupta
She is famous for the contribution she had made in designing the parachute for the project Curiosity rover to Mars which is over 70 foot. She is a project manager in the JPL (NASA’s jet propulsion laboratory) situated in Greater Los Angeles. But the one her real talent is shown is the Bose-Einstein Condensate as a part of the project NASA Cold Atom Laboratory. She loves the space sciences, but beside this she also loves to ride the motorcycle and to explore more of the places around on the motorcycle.
1. Madhulika Guhathakurta
She had done her master’s from the University of Delhi in Astrophysics and PhD from University of Colorado and University of Denver in Physics. She is also known by the name of Lika. She had worked in various roles at NASA such as mission designer, Director, Science programs, Scientist, spokesperson and teacher for various missions of NASA. She is the Lead Program scientist for the project in NASA which is researching on the predication of the solar unpredictability and what are the effects of that on Earth, technology etc. This mission is termed as LWS (Living with a Star) and also involved in other project named as RBSP (Radiation Belt Storm Probes).